Effect of Fresh Vinasse Application on Soil Chemical Characteristics

Simping Yuliatun, Firmansyah Bagus Ilham Akbar


The application of fresh vinasse waste is still controvertion. The objective of this research was to determine the effect of the doses of vinasse given on land on chemical characteristics for soil quality. It was conducted in a randomized block design with 4 doses of vinasse in 3 replications. There were 4 kinds of vinasse doses, namely 75,000, 150,000, 225,000 and 300,000 litres/ha. The control was the administration of 0 litre of vinasse, in which sampling was carried out at the beginning before the land was sprayed  vinasse. Statistical design for analysis  of chemical data including the element of  phosphorous, potassium, nitrogen, C/N ratio,  humic substances, pH, organic matter, and  cation exchange capacity (CEC) were analyzed by One-way ANOVA. The average value of the treatment was tested with a least significant difference test (LSD) with a control comparison. The results showed that the dose of vinasse sprayed to land between 75,000 to 300,000 liters/ha had a significant effect on the increasing in nitrogen content, C/N ratio, phosphorus, potassium, cation exchange capacity and humic substances when compared to the control. Meanwhile, the soil pH conditions between control and treatments with vinasse dose were not significantly different. Sprayed of vinasse to the land up to a dose of 300,000 litres/ha showed a positive effect on soil quality and soil fertility.


vinasse, soil quality, chemical characteristics of soil

Full Text:



Anonim (2005) Petunjuk teknis analisis kimia tanah, tanaman, air dan pupuk. Balai Penelitian Tanah. Badan Penelitian dan pengembangan Pertanian. Departemen Pertanian.

Anonymous (2016) Prevention of the Soil and groundwater Contamination. P4.231/14 – Stillage: Calculation of the application rate. International Training Program on Environmental Sound Management on Chemicals and Wastes, Especially on Persistent Organic Pollutants (Pops) and Mercury (Hg). Sao Paulo. Brazil

Baskar, M., Saravanan, A., Chithra, L., Dhevagi, P., Raja, D.L., Pandiyarajan, P. & Ambast, S.K. (2013) Ecofriendly utilisation of distillery waste water in agriculture. Bulettin of Dept. of Soil Science &Agricultural Chemistry. Anbil Dharmalingam Agricultural College and Research Institute Tamil Nadu Agricultural University Tiruchirapalli.

Cardin, C.A., Santos, C.H. & Escarmínio, M.A. (2016) Impacts of vinasse and methods of sugarcane harvesting on the availability of K and carbon stock of an Argisol. Rev. Ceres, Viçosa. 63(1): 095-102.

Coelho, MPM., de-Sousa, CM., de Souza, R.B., Yadira Ansoar-Rodríguez, YA., Zacarin, ECMS. & Fontanetti, CS. (2017) Toxicity evaluation of vinasse and biosolid samples in diplopod midgut: heat shock protein in situ localization. Environmental Science and Pollution Research. DOI 10.1007/s11356-017-9754-2

Christofoletti, C.A., Escher, J.P., Correia, J.E., Marinho, J.F.U. & Fontanetti C.S. (2013) Sugarcane vinasse: Environmental implications of its use (review). Waste Management. 33 : 2752–2761.

DaSilva, M.A.S., Kliemann, H.J., De-Campos, A.B., Madari, B.E., Borges, J.D. & Gonçalves, J.M. (2013) Effects of vinasse irrigation on effluent ionic concentration in Brazilian Oxisols. African Journal of Agricultural Research. 8(45): 5664-5672.

Fuessa, L.T., Rodrigues, I.J. & Garcia, M.L. (2017) Fertirrigation with sugarcane vinasse: Foreseeing potential impacts on soil and water resources through vinasse characterization. Journal Of Environmental Science And Health, Part A. 52 (11): 1063–1072.

Galdeano, L.R., Queluz, J.G.T., Montibeller, C.C., Navarro, G.R.B. & Garcia, M.L. 92021) Fertility and mineralogy of soils subject to vinasse application on a farm situated in Santa Cruz das Palmeiras-SP, Brazil. Geociências. 40 (1): 181 – 188.

Guerreiro, L.F., Rodrigues,C.S.D., Rose M. Duda, R.M., Oliveira., Boaventura, R.A.R. & Madeira, L.M. (2016) Treatment of sugarcane vinasse by combination of coagulation/ flocculation and Fenton’s oxidation. Journal of Environmental Management. 181: 237-248

Hardy, D.H. (2014) Colorimetric Determination of Humic Matter with 0.2 N NaOH Extraction in Sikora, F.J. & Moore, K.P (Eds) Soil Test Methods From the South eastern United States. Lexington . Southern Cooperative Series. pp 162-167.

Jiang, Z.P., Li, Y.R., Wei, G.P., Liao, Q., Su, T.M., Meng, Y.C., Zhang, H.Y & Lu, C.Y. (2012) Effect of long-term vinasse application on physico-chemical properties of sugarcane field soils. Sugar Tech. 14(4): 412-417.

Kekane, S.S., Chavan,R.P., Shinde, D.N., Patil, C.L. & Sagar, S.S. (2015) A review on physico-chemical properties of soil. International Journal of Chemical Studies. 3(4): 29-32.

Lizarraga, ALS., Marino,E., Dendooven, L., Velazquez, J., Vazguez, G.D., Campos, J.R., Cuevas, L.H., & Ramos, SMC. (2018) Vinasse irrigation: effects on soil fertility and arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi population. Journal of Soils and Sediments 18(1): 1258-1270. . DOI:10.1007/s11368-018-1996-1.

Nguemezi, C., Tematio, P., Yemefack, M., Tsozue, D. &. Silatsa, T.B.F. (2020) Soil quality and soil fertility status in major soil groups at the Tombel area, South-West Cameroon. Heliyon 6 : 1-10

Obonoa, F., Nsangou, A.N., Ngahac, D., Tchawoud, & Kapseu, C. (2016) Valuation of Vinasse as Organic Fertilizer on the Corn Field. American Scientific Research Journal for Engineering, Technology, and Sciences (ASRJETS). 23(1): 185-189.

Ounia, Y., Ghnayaa, T., Montemurrob, F., Abdellya, C. & Lakhdara, A. (2014) The role of humic substances in mitigating the harmful effects of soil salinity and improve plant productivity. International Journal of Plant Production 8 (3): 353-374.

Parnaudeau, V., Condom, N., R. Oliver, R , Cazevieille, P. & Recous, S. (2008) Vinasse organic matter quality and mineralization potential, as influenced by raw material, fermentation and concentration processes . Bioresource Technology. 99 (2008) 1553–1562.

Reis, C.E.R. & Hu, B. (2017) Vinasse from sugarcane ethanol production: Better treatment or better utilization. Frontiers in Energy Research. 5(7) : 1-7.

Renault, P., Cazevieille, P., Verdier, J., Lahlah, J., Clara, C. & Favre, F. (2009) Variations in the cation exchange capacity of a ferralsol supplied with vinasse, under changing aeration conditions: Comparison between CEC measuring methods. Geoderma. 154(1): 101-110.

Ribeiro, B.T., de Lima, J.M; Curi, N. & Oliveira, G.C. (2012) Electrochemical attributes of soils influenced by sugarcane vinasse. Biosci. J., Uberlândia. 28(1): 25-32.

Tale, K.S. & Ingole, S. (2015) A Review on Role of Physico-Chemical Properties in Soil Quality. Chem Sci Rev Lett. 4(13): 57 – 66.

Uyeda, C.A., Miranda, J.H., Duarte, S.N., Medeiros, P.R.F. & Dias, C.T.D.S. (2013) Influence of vinasse application in hydraulic conductivity of three soils. Eng. Agríc., Jaboticabal. 33(4): 689-698.

Vadivel, R., Minhas, P.S., Kumar, S., Singh, Y., Rao, N. & Nirmale, A. (2014) Significance of vinasses waste management in agriculture and environmental quality (Review). African Journal of Agricultural Research. 9(38) : 2862-2873.

Zavarzina, A.G., Danchenko,N.N., Demin, V.V., Artemyeva, Z.S. & Kogut, B.M. (2021) Humic Substances: Hypotheses and Reality (a Review). Eurasian Soil Science. 54 (12): 1826–1854.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.54256/isrj.v2i2.80


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2022 Simping Yuliatun, Firmansyah Bagus Ilham Akbar

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Editorial Office:
Pusat Penelitian Perkebunan Gula Indonesia
Jl.Pahlawan Nomor 25 Pasuruan 67126, Indonesia
Telp:+62 0343 421086 ; Fax: +62 0343 421178
Email: p3gipasuruanok@gmail.com; web perusahaan:http://www.p3gi.co.id

Creative Commons License
Indonesian Sugar Research Journal (ISRJ) is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.