Pengaruh Aplikasi Pestisida Pada Tanaman Tebu Terhadap Parasitoid Trichogramma Japonicum L. (Hymenoptera: Trichogrammatidae) The Effect Of Sugarcane Pesticide Application On Parasitoid Trichogramma Japonicum L. (Hymenoptera: Trichogrammatidae)

Muhimmatul Aliyah, Shinta Yuliana, Evi Susanti, Etik M. Achadian

Abstract


Produktivitas tebu dapat menurun karena serangan hama dan keberadaan gulma di kebun. Pengendalian penggunaan pestisida masih menjadi pilihan ketika serangan hama dan populasi gulma tidak dapat dikendalikan secara manual. Aplikasi pestisida pada tanaman tebu tidak menutup kemungkinan bersamaan dengan parasitoid Trichogramma sebagai agen pengendali hayati hama penggerek tebu. Oleh karena itu tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui pengaruh aplikasi pestisida berbahan aktif klorantraniliprol serta paraquat diklorida dan diuron terhadap proporsi penetasan parasitoid, proporsi malformasi, dan lama hidup parasitoid Trichogramma japonicum. Percobaan Menggunakan Rancangan Acak Lengkap (RAL) dengan 5 perlakuan dan 4 ulangan. Perlakuan yang diuji adalah kontrol (tanpa perlakuan), infestasi pias T. japonicum pada daun tebu yang terbuka insektisida/herbisida hari ke-0, ke-1, ke-2, dan ke-3. Hasil pengamatan menunjukkan bahwa aplikasi insektisida berbahan aktif klorantraniliprol tidak berpengaruh nyata terhadap persentase penetasan dan kematian parasitoid tetapi berpengaruh nyata pada persentase malformasi serangga. Adapun aplikasi herbisida berbahan aktif paraquat diklorida dan diuron berpengaruh nyata terhadap proporsi penetasan, malformasi serangga dan kematian parasitoid T. japonicum .

Kata kunci : insektisida, herbisida, klorantraniliprol, paraquat diklorida, diuron, Trichogramma

  

ABSTRACT

Sugarcane productivity decreases due to the presence of weeds and pest incursion in the field. Pesticide is still an option in controlling pest and weed populations when they cannot be controlled manually. Sometimes pesticide application coincides with the release of parasitoid Trichogramma, a biological control agent of sugarcane borer pests. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to determine the effect of the pesticide application with active ingredients chlorantraniliprole, paraquat dichloride and diuron on the percentage of parasitoid hatching, malformations, and the life span of the parasitoid Trichogramma japonicum.The experiment used a completely randomized design (CRD) with 5 treatments and 4 replications. The treatments tested were control (untreated), T. japonicum infestation on sugarcane leaves exposed to insecticides/herbicides on the 0, 1, 2, and 3 days. The results showed that the application of insecticides with the active ingredient chlorantraniliprole had no significant effect on hatching and parasitoid deaths percentage, but it was a significant different in the percentage of insect malformations. Meanwhile the application of herbicides with the active ingredients of paraquat dichloride and diuron had a significant effect on hatching, malformation and parasitoid deaths percentage of T. japonicum.

Key word :   insekticide, herbicide, clorantraniliprol, paraquat diclorida, diuron, Trichogramma

 

Keywords


insektisida, herbisida, klorantraniliprol, paraquat diklorida, diuron, Trichogramma

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.54256/isrj.v2i2.77

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Indonesian Sugar Research Journal (ISRJ) is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.